To what extent did the populations of rural Lithuania and Poland engage in hostilities and Nazi collaboration against Jewish fugitives and partisans surviving in forests? (Part 2, by Jack Watt)

Traditional anti-Semitism was rife in pre-war Eastern Europe and was not a recent phenomenon. Yehuda Merin asserts that ‘most of the local population harboured feelings of hatred for the Jews in the family camps… well-rooted in past ages.’ This was … Continue reading

Do memorials serve as true representations of the past? Discuss with reference to at least two Nazi concentration camp memorials (by Adam McNeil)

The Nazi concentration camp symbolises everything that Western liberal ideals oppose, totalitarianism, discrimination, barbarity. Thus when gazing over the vast expanse of the crumbling Auschwitz-Birkenau, partiality is inevitable. However, when governments systematically repress truths, history is twisted through propaganda or … Continue reading

To what extent did the populations of rural Lithuania and Poland engage in hostilities and Nazi collaboration against Jewish fugitives and partisans surviving in forests? (Part 1, by Jack Watt)

The forest is a hugely significant, but somewhat marginalised landscape of the Holocaust. Initially woodland was the chosen site of the Einsatzgruppen shooting squads, helping to facilitate the mass murder and disposal of thousands of Jews. However, they later became … Continue reading

How can it be explained that Nazism made real, if partial, inroads into wider German Society? (by Joshua Arbury)

It cannot be doubted that Nazi Germany was the most destructive political regime of the 20th century, not only because it unleashed World War II or instigated the holocaust but because of its impact on German society. The extent of … Continue reading

Was the collapse of Christian unity and the emergence of Protestantism inevitable in 1517? (by Valentin Boulan)

In 1517, Martin Luther published his highly controversial Ninety-Five Thesis, which severely challenged the authority of the Church, and would result in the establishment of the Lutheran Church half a decade later. Consequently, 1517 has often been regarded as the … Continue reading

An examination of the key problems posed to historians examining memoirs in response to the Wilkomirski Controversy (by Tammy Cairns)

In 1995, Benjamin Wilkomirski’s critically and commercially acclaimed Holocaust story Fragments: Memories of a Childhood (1939-1948) was published in Germany. As a survivor of the Holocaust and a multi award-winning writer, Wilkomirski found himself in the public gaze having won … Continue reading

A Book Review of Christopher Browning’s Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland (by Jack Watt)

Ordinary Men is regarded as seminal in Holocaust studies, as micro-history in its own right, and valuable for studying authoritarianism and indoctrination on individuals and collective groups. Tracing a single German unit, Reserve Police Battalion 101 (henceforth RPB-101) throughout their … Continue reading

Johannes Gutenberg and the Printing Press (by Francesco Loli)

There are thousands upon thousands of books at any university library. Some of those books are newer than others; some are thicker; some are about history, geography, economics, or engineering. Not every book is in English, rather some are in … Continue reading

Is it possible to explain the motivations of Holocaust perpetrators? (by Valentin Boulan)

Many Holocaust studies have focused not only on the victims, but also on perpetrators. This interest towards the Nazi killing machine is in many ways understandable. Firstly, because perpetrators can be seen as an opportunistic topic of study, for which … Continue reading