Motivating the citizen soldiers: French troops and the Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802 (Part 1, by Valentin Boulan)

The Revolutionary Wars, beginning in April 1792 when France declared war on Austria, were an inevitable consequence of the French Revolution, which generated ideas of democracy and individual freedom, threatening the rest of Europe’s autocratic states. Although France would be … Continue reading

How important was Napoleon Bonaparte’s use of propaganda and censorship in the rise and consolidation of his power in France? (Part 1, by Valentin Boulan)

“To attach no importance to public opinion is a proof you do not merit its suffrage”. Traditionally famous for his military achievements, Napoleon Bonaparte nevertheless realised early on the importance of public opinion, as well as the influence of institutions … Continue reading