Motivating the citizen soldiers: French troops and the Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802 (Part 2, by Valentin Boulan)

Chapter One: ‘Aux armes citoyens!’ – Myth or Reality ? The formation of the Revolutionary army was a complex process, which took over a year and several enrolment campaigns to finalise. This progression can be divided into two main stages, … Continue reading

How important was Napoleon Bonaparte’s use of propaganda and censorship in the rise and consolidation of his power in France? (Part 2, by Valentin Boulan)

One way in which Napoleon ensured to retain his public image and avoid criticism throughout his reign was by increasing his influence on all written information, starting, of course with the press. As previously mentioned, by the late 18th century … Continue reading