Motivating the citizen soldiers: French troops and the Revolutionary Wars 1792-1802 (Part 3, by Valentin Boulan)

Chapter Two: ‘Dedicated body and soul to the cause they served ’ According to Robben, fighting motivations can be divided into two broad categories: the original motivations to enlist, determined by the pre-war context as discussed in Chapter One, and … Continue reading

Do memorials serve as true representations of the past? Discuss with reference to at least two Nazi concentration camp memorials (by Adam McNeil)

The Nazi concentration camp symbolises everything that Western liberal ideals oppose, totalitarianism, discrimination, barbarity. Thus when gazing over the vast expanse of the crumbling Auschwitz-Birkenau, partiality is inevitable. However, when governments systematically repress truths, history is twisted through propaganda or … Continue reading

How important was Napoleon Bonaparte’s use of propaganda and censorship in the rise and consolidation of his power in France? (Part 2, by Valentin Boulan)

One way in which Napoleon ensured to retain his public image and avoid criticism throughout his reign was by increasing his influence on all written information, starting, of course with the press. As previously mentioned, by the late 18th century … Continue reading

How important was Napoleon Bonaparte’s use of propaganda and censorship in the rise and consolidation of his power in France? (Part 1, by Valentin Boulan)

“To attach no importance to public opinion is a proof you do not merit its suffrage”. Traditionally famous for his military achievements, Napoleon Bonaparte nevertheless realised early on the importance of public opinion, as well as the influence of institutions … Continue reading