Who won the Vietnam war? (by Joshua Arbury)

Between the end of World War II and 1975 Vietnam was in almost continual conflict, firstly against the French for independence, and then in a civil war that expanded to involve (to some extent) the major superpowers of the world: … Continue reading

Explanations of Japan’s Imperialistic Expansion, 1894-1910 (by Bill Gordon)

Japan emerged in 1853 from two and a half centuries of self-imposed peaceful isolation, but within a few decades the country’s leaders embarked on a policy of aggressive territorial expansion. During the last half of the nineteenth century, the Western … Continue reading

Was the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament a moderate campaign group or a ‘new’ social movement? (by Jack Watt)

The term ‘new social movement’ (henceforth NSM) is a contentious one, describing something never entirely static, quantifiable or tangible. From environmentalism to women’s rights no single NSM fits every criterion ascribed, and one can find neither agreement between academics nor … Continue reading

Johannes Gutenberg and the Printing Press (by Francesco Loli)

There are thousands upon thousands of books at any university library. Some of those books are newer than others; some are thicker; some are about history, geography, economics, or engineering. Not every book is in English, rather some are in … Continue reading