The Imperialist Roots of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew (by Stephen Basdeo)

The Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew were founded by Princess Augusta (1713-1772) in the 1760s. In 1838 a Royal Commission was set up to inquire into the future of the gardens. The Commission concluded that, after years of official neglect, … Continue reading

An evaluation of Bernard Porter’s observations that ‘… there can be no presumption that Britain – the Britain that stayed at home – was an essentially ‘imperialist’ nation in the 19th and 20th centuries’ (by Tammy Cairns)

During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries it has been argued by a number of new-imperial historians including Antoinette Burton, Catherine Hall and John MacKenzie, that empire was seen and experienced everywhere within British society. Ranging from the high culture … Continue reading

Connell’s theory of “hegemonic masculinity” and its contribution to the “history of masculinities” (by Stephen Basdeo)

The historian E. A. Rotundo, in his study American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era (1993), remarked that, like all cultural inventions, manhood has a history (Rotundo, 1993, p.1). Indeed, while much of the research … Continue reading

The Public School Ethos and Late Nineteenth-Century Juvenile Literature (by Stephen Basdeo)

In 1888 a biography entitled The Life of General Gordon was written so that ‘the young can learn the beautiful lessons of obedience and humility, of loyalty to God and devotion to others’ (Hope, 1888, p.361). The writers of biographical … Continue reading